Virtual Labs in teaching Kinematics and control of Mechanisms and Robots 30 November, 2012
Dr. C. S. Kumar, Department of Mechanical Engineering, IIT Kharagpur led the Weekly Discussion on 30th November 2012 with his talk on “Virtual Labs in teaching Kinematics and control of Mechanisms and Robots”.
There are three eras of Robotics Development – Industrial Robotics, Service Robotics and Exploratory Robotics.
Industrial Robots are used where Automation and Precision are key parameters. They are mainly used in manufacturing processes where productivity through high rate processes is important. They require calibration for applications and are used in environments of rapid programming and deployability.
“KGP50” is an industrial robot used made in IIT KGP. Dr. Kumar shared many images of KGP50 with the attendees.
Industrial Robotics requires expertise in Mechatronics, CAD-CAM, CIM etc. and R&D in sensors, actuators and power control. It can work in miniaturization as well as large scale automation.
Service Robots are used in Health Care, Medical applications, Hospitality, Disaster Support and De-mining applications.
It requires interdisciplinary programs in Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Computer Science and Bio Medical sciences. A lot of innovations and IP in sensors are taking place in this field. Service Robots have a lot of direct interaction with humans unlike Industrial Robots.
Exploratory Robots are used in remotely controlled vehicles and autonomous vehicles such as aerial vehicles, underwater vehicles etc. They require no cables and external power sources.
Course coverage in Robotics
Typical course in Robotics consists of design of robots in mechanical, electronics and control, modeling of robots and Kinematics (Forward Kinematics and Inverse Kinematics).
NME –ICT has covered a lot of Robotics lessons in Mechanical Engineering through lectures in NPTEL. There are lectures in Robotics by Prof. C. Amarnath (IIT Bombay) and Prof. Sudipto Mukherjee (IIT Delhi)
Courses in Virtual Labs in Robotics are present by Prof. Rajiv Tiwari (IIT Guwahati), Prof. C.S. Kumar (IIT KGP) and Prof. Singaperumal (IIT Madras).