GATE Syllabus 2023 & Exam Pattern PDF for All Subjects


GATE Syllabus 2023 & Exam Pattern PDF for All Subjects: The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE) is an annual examination that is conducted for engineering students to gain admissions to M.E./ M.Tech/ PhD programs at IITs, NITs, IIITs, and CFTIs, or to secure high-profile jobs in PSUs. Although the GATE Exam Pattern and Syllabus 2023 remain almost the same every year, any changes in the exam pattern will be updated on the official website.

It is essential for candidates planning to appear for the GATE exam to be aware of the GATE Exam Pattern 2023 and Syllabus as it includes vital information such as the total number of questions, number of sections, types of questions asked, and the marking scheme of the exam. Therefore, the direct link for the GATE Syllabus 2023 PDF has been attached at the end of this post. After checking the GATE 2023 Syllabus PDFs for all subjects, you guys should solve the GATE Previous Question Papers PDF to score more marks in the test.

GATE Syllabus 2023

This article aims to provide detailed information about the GATE 2023 Syllabus and exam patterns to help you prepare for the exam. The GATE exam is conducted every year by one of the IITs. Moreover, the GATE 2023 Entrance Exam consists of two sections which are General Aptitude (MCQs) and Numerical Questions. Candidates are required to choose one of the 27 subjects listed in the table below for the Numerical Answer Type Questions. The duration of the exam is three hours, and the maximum marks are 100.

To perform well in the GATE Exam, it is important to have a clear understanding of the GATE Exam Syllabus and GATE Exam Pattern 2023. The GATE Syllabus for each subject is detailed and covers a wide range of topics. It is important to refer to the official GATE website for the latest updates on the syllabus and exam pattern.

GATE Syllabus

GATE Syllabus 2023 Information

The GATE exam is conducted by one of the IITs every year, and this year, IIT Kharagpur will be conducting the exam. The exam is divided into two sections: General Aptitude (MCQs) and Numerical Questions, and candidates are required to choose one of the 27 subjects listed for the Numerical Answer Type Questions. It is essential to have a thorough understanding of the syllabus and exam pattern to perform well in the exam.

GATE Exam Syllabus 2023
Examination Name Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering (GATE)
Commonly Known As GATE
Conducting Institute IIT Kharagpur
Administered By Jointly by IISc Bangalore and Seven IITs
Purpose of Examination Qualifying Examination for M.E./ M.Tech/ Ph.D. admissions and PSU Recruitment
Category Syllabus
Mode of Examination Computer Based Test (CBT)
Examination Duration 180 Minutes (3 Hours)
Frequency of Examination Annual
Total Number of Exam Cities 199
Number of GATE Subjects 27
Number of Questions in Each Paper 10 (GA) + 55 (subject) = 65 Questions
Total Marks of Examination 100
Validity of GATE 2023 Score/ Grade 3 Years
Official Website
Aview Home Page

Subjects for GATE Exam 2023

GATE Paper   Code GATE Paper   Code
Aerospace Engineering AE Instrumentation Engineering  IN
Agricultural Engineering AG Mathematics MA
Architecture and Planning AR Mechanical Engineering ME
Bio-medical Engineering BM Mining Engineering MN
Biotechnology BT Metallurgical Engineering MT
Civil Engineering CE Petroleum Engineering PE
Chemical Engineering CH Physics PH
Computer Science and Information Technology CS Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Chemistry CY Statistics ST
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Textile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Electrical Engineering EE Engineering Sciences XE
Environmental Science & Engineering (New) ES Humanities & Social Sciences (New) XH
Ecology and Evolution EY Life Sciences XL
Geology and Geophysics GG

GATE 2023 Paper Codes for XE, XH, and XL Papers

XE Paper Sections Code XL Paper Sections Code XH Paper Sections Code
Engineering Mathematics(Compulsory – 15 Marks) A Chemistry (Compulsory- 25 Marks) P Reasoning and Comprehension (Compulsory) (25 marks) B1
Any two optional sections (2×35 = 70 marks) Any two optional sections (2×30 = 60 marks) Anyone optional section (60 marks)
Fluid Mechanics B Biochemistry Q Economics C1
Materials Science C Botany R English C2
Solid Mechanics D Microbiology S Linguistics C3
Thermodynamics E Zoology T Philosophy C4
Polymer Science and Engineering F Food Technology U Psychology C5
Food Technology G Sociology C6
Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences H

Section Wise Marks Distribution

Paper Code Marks Distribution
Distribution of Questions in all Papers except AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH, and XL General Aptitude (GA) – 15, Engineering Mathematics -13, and The subject of the Paper – 72
Distribution of Questions in AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH, and XL General Aptitude (GA) – 15 and the subject of the Paper – 85

GATE 2023 Exam Pattern

Particulars Details
Examination Mode Computer Based Test (Online)
Duration 3 Hours
Number of Discipline in GATE 2023 29 Discipline
Section General Aptitude (GA) + Candidate Selected Subject
Type of Questions
  • Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs)
  • Multiple Select Questions (MSQ)
  • Numerical Answer Type (NAT) Questions
Design of Questions The questions are designed to test the listed abilities

  • Application
  • Analysis and synthesis
  • Comprehension
  • Recall
Number of Questions 10 (GA) + 55 (subject) = 65 Questions
Distribution of Questions in all Papers except AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL Engineering Mathematics – 13 Marks Technical Questions – 72 Marks General Aptitude – 15 Marks
Distribution of Questions in AR, CY, EY, GG, MA, PH, XH and XL Questions from Subject Concerned – 85 Marks General Aptitude – 15 Marks
Total Marks 100 Marks
Marking Scheme All of the questions will be worth 1 or 2 marks

GATE Exam Pattern 2023 – Marking Scheme

There is a different marking scheme depending on the paper you are attempting. Check the marking scheme of the different papers in the table below.

Paper Code General Aptitude (GA) Marks Subject Marks Total Marks Total Time (Minutes)
AE, AR, AG, BT, CE, CH, CS, CY, EC, EE, ES, EY, IN, MA, ME, MN, MT, PE, PH, PI, TF, ST, and BM 15 85 100 180
GG [Part A + Part B (Section 1 Geology OR Section 2 Geophysics)] 15 25 + 60 100 180
XE (Section A + Any TWO Sections) 15 15 + (2 x 35) 100 180
XH (Section B1 + Any ONE Section) 15 25 + (1 x 60) 100 180
XL (Section P + Any TWO Sections) 15 25 + (2 x 30) 100 180

GATE Syllabus 2023 for General Aptitude

The General Aptitude (GA) paper is a subject that is common to all Branch Papers and carries 15% of the total marks. This section consists of questions based on verbal ability and numerical ability. The GA section is further divided into two subsections, which are explained below:

1. Verbal Ability: The following topics are asked in this section:

  • English Grammar
  • Word Groups
  • Instructions
  • Critical Reasoning
  • Sentence Completion
  • Verbal Analogies
  • Verbal Deduction

2. Numerical Ability: This section questions test the basic mathematical skills of candidates. The subtopics included in this section are as follows:

  • Numerical computation
  • Numerical Reasoning
  • Numerical Estimation
  • Data Interpretation

GATE Exam Syllabus 2023 – Subject-Wise topics

General Aptitude Syllabus (Common for all papers)
Verbal Ability Numerical Ability
Biomedical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Electrical Circuits
Analog and Digital Electronics Signals and Systems
Measurement and Digital Electronics Sensors and Bioinstrumentations
Medical Imaging System Biomaterials
Human Anatomy and Physiology Biomechanics
Aerospace Engineering Syllabus
Fourier Series Laplace Transforms
Numerical methods for linear and nonlinear algebraic equations Numerical integration and differentiation.
Dynamic stability Euler angle
Equations of motion Aerodynamic forces and moments, stability & control derivatives
Decoupling of longitudinal and lateral-directional dynamics Longitudinal modes; lateral-directional modes.
Orbit transfer In-plane and out-of-plane
Elementary ideas of viscous flows including boundary layers Wind Tunnel Testing
Measurement and visualization techniques Vibration of  beams
Theory of elasticity Equilibrium and compatibility equations
Airy’s stress function
Agriculture Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Farm Machinery
Farm Power Soil and Water Conservation Engineering
Irrigation and Drainage Engineering Agricultural Processing Engineering
Dairy and Food Engineering
Architecture & Planning Syllabus
Architecture and Design Building Materials, Construction, and Management
Building and Structures Environmental Planning and Design
Urban Design Urban Planning and Housing
Planning Techniques and Management Services, Infrastructure, and Transportation
Biotechnology Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics General Biotechnology
Recombinant DNA Technology Plant and Animal Biotechnology
Bioprocess Engineering and Process Biotechnology
Civil Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Structural Engineering
Geotechnical Engineering Water Resources Engineering
Environmental Engineering Transportation Engineering
Geomatics Engineering
Chemical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Process Calculations and Thermodynamics
Fluid Mechanics and Mechanical Operations Heat Transfer
Mass Transfer Chemical Reaction Engineering
Instrumentation and Process Control Plant Design and Economics
Chemical Technology
Computer Science and Information Technology
Engineering Mathematics Digital Logic
Computer Organization and Architecture Programming and Data Structures
Algorithms Theory of Computation
Compiler Design Operating System
Databases Computer Networks
Chemistry Syllabus
Physical Chemistry Organic Chemistry
Inorganic Chemistry
Electronics and Communication Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Networks, Signals, and Systems
Electronic Devices Analog Circuits
Digital Circuits Control System
Communication Electromagnetics
Electrical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Electrical Circuits
Electromagnetic Fields Signals and Systems
Electrical Machines Power Systems
Control Systems Electrical and Electronic Measurements
Analog and Digital Electronics Power Electronics
Environmental Science & Engineering (New)
Environmental Management and Sustainable Development Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Microbiology Water Resources and Environmental Hydraulics
Water & Wastewater Treatment and Management Air and Noise Pollution
Solid and Hazardous Waste Management Global and Regional Environmental Issues
Ecology and Evolution Syllabus
Ecology Evolution
Mathematics and Quantitative Ecology Behavioral Ecology
Geology And Geophysics Syllabus
Geology Geophysics
Instrumentation Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Control Systems
Electrical Circuits Analog and Digital Electronics
Signals and Systems Measurements
Sensors and Industrial Instrumentation Communication and Optical Instrumentation
Mathematics Syllabus
Calculus Linear Algebra
Rear Analysis Complex Analysis
Ordinary Differential Equations Algebra
Functional Analysis Numerical Analysis
Partial Differential Equations Topology
Linear Programming
Mechanical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Applied Mechanics and Design
Fluid Mechanics and Thermal Science Material, Manufacturing and Industrial Engineering
Mining Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Mine Development Surveying
Geomechanics and Ground Control Mining Methods and Machinery
Surface Environment, Mine Ventilation, and Underground Hazards Mine Economics, Mine Planning, System Engineering
Metallurgical Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Thermodynamics and Rate Process
Extractive Metallurgy Physical Metallurgy
Mechanical Metallurgy Manufacturing Process
Physics Syllabus
Mathematical Physics Classical Mechanics
Electromagnetic Theory Quantum Mechanics
Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics Atomic and Molecular Physics
Solid State Physics and Electronics Nuclear and Particle Physics
Production and Industrial Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Genera Engineering
Manufacturing Processes Quality and Reliability
Industrial Engineering  Operation Research an Operational Management
Textile Engineering Syllabus
Engineering Mathematics Textile Engineering and Fibre Science
XE-A (Engineering Mathematics Syllabus)
Linear Algebra Calculus
Vector Calculus Ordinary Differential Equations
Partial Differential Equations Complex variables
Probability and Statistics Numerical Methods
XE-B (Fluid Mechanism Syllabus)
Flow and Fluid Properties Kinematics
Integral analysis Differential Analysis
Inviscid flows Dimensional analysis
Internal flows Prandtl boundary layer equations
XE-C (Material Sciences Syllabus)
Processing of Materials Characterization Techniques:
Structure and Imperfections Thermodynamics and Kinetics
Properties of Materials Material types
Environmental Degradation Elements of Quantum Mechanics and Mathematics
XE-E (Thermodynamics Syllabus)
Basic Concepts Law of Thermodynamics
Thermodynamics Cycle Thermodynamics Relations
Ideal Gas Mixtures
XE-F (Polymer Science and Engineering Syllabus)
Chemistry of high polymers Polymer Characterization
Synthesis and properties Polymer blends and composites
Polymer Technology Polymer rheology
Polymer processing Polymer testing
XE-G (Food Technology Syllabus)
Food Chemistry and Nutrition Food Microbiology
Food Products Technology Food Engineering
XL-P (Chemistry Syllabus)
Atomic Structure and Periodicity Structure and Bonding
s, p and d Block Elements Chemical Equilibria
Electrochemistry Reaction Kinetics
Thermodynamics Structure-Reactivity Correlations and Organic Reaction Mechanisms
XL-R (Botany Syllabus)
Plant Systematics Plant Anatomy
Morphogenesis & Development Physiology and Biochemistry
Genetics Plant Breeding and Genetic Modification
Economic Botany Plant Pathology
Ecology and Environment
XL-S (Microbiology Syllabus)
Historical Perspective Methods in Microbiology
Microbial Taxonomy and Diversity Prokaryotic and Eukaryotic Cells: Structure and Function
Microbial Growth Control of Micro-organisms
Microbial Metabolism Microbial Diseases and Host-Pathogen Interaction
Chemotherapy/ Antibiotics Microbial Genetics
Microbial Ecology
XL-T (Zoology Syllabus)
Animal world Genetics
Evolution Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Cell Biology Gene expression in Eukaryotes
Animal Anatomy and Physiology Parasitology and Immunology
Development Biology Ecology
Animal Behavior
XH-B1 (Reasoning and Comprehension) (New)
Reading Comprehension Expression
Analytical reasoning Logical reasoning
XH-C1 (Economics) (New)
Statistics, Econometrics and Mathematical Economics Microeconomics
Macroeconomics International Economics
Public Economics Development Economics
Indian Economy
XH-C3 (Linguistics) (New)
Areal Typology, Universals, Cross-linguistic Features Language and Linguistics
Levels of Grammar and Grammatical Analysis Historical Linguistics
Sociolinguistics Methods of analysis
Applied Linguistics
XH-C4 (Philosophy) (New)
Classical Indian Philosophy Contemporary Indian Philosophy
Classical and Modern Western Philosophy Contemporary Western Philosophy
XH-C5 (Psychology) (New)
Perception, Learning, Memory, and Forgetting Cognition: Thinking, Intelligence, and Language
Research Methods and Statistics Psychometrics
The biological and evolutionary basis of behavior Personality
Applications of Psychology Motivation, Emotion, and Stress and Coping
Social psychology Development across the life span
XH-C6 (Sociology) (New)
Family, Marriage, and Kinship Sociological Theory
Research Methodology and Methods Sociological Concepts
Agrarian Sociology and Rural Transformation Indian Society / Sociology of India
Social Movements Sociology of Development

GATE Syllabus PDF 2023 – Subject Wise

GATE Paper Code GATE Paper Code
Aerospace Engineering AE Instrumentation Engineering IN
Agricultural Engineering AG Mathematics MA
Architecture and Planning AR Mechanical Engineering ME
Biomedical Engineering BM Mining Engineering MN
Biotechnology BT Metallurgical Engineering MT
Civil Engineering CE Naval Architecture and Marine Engineering NM
Chemical Engineering CH Petroleum Engineering PE
Computer Science and Information Technology CS Physics PH
Chemistry CY Production and Industrial Engineering PI
Electronics and Communication Engineering EC Statistics ST
Electrical Engineering EE Textile Engineering and Fibre Science TF
Environmental Science & Engineering ES Engineering Sciences XE
Ecology and Evolution EY Humanities & Social Sciences XH
Geomatics Engineering GE Life Sciences XL
Geology and Geophysics GG

GATE Syllabus 2023 – Frequently Asked Questions

Is there any negative marking in the GATE Exam?

For 1-mark MCQ, 1/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer. For 2-mark MCQ, the 2/3 mark will be deducted for a wrong answer.

For how many marks, will the GATE Exam be conducted?

The GATE Exam will be conducted for 100 marks.

Which subjects should be prepared while appearing for the GATE Exam?

General Aptitude (GA) + Candidate’s Selected Subject(s) are the subjects required to prepare for the GATE Exam.

Where can I download the GATE Syllabus 2023 PDF?

Candidates can download the GATE Syllabus 2023 PDF for all papers from the official site. Or else, you guys can even get them with the help of the links attached in the current article.


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