NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF, UPSC NDA 1 & 2 Syllabus and Exam Pattern


NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF and Exam Pattern for UPSC NDA 1, 2 Exams: The NDA (National Defence Academy) written examination is a crucial part of the selection process for boys and girls seeking to join the Indian Armed Forces. The exam consists of two papers, Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). To crack this exam, candidates must begin their preparation by following the detailed NDA Exam Syllabus 2023, which has been discussed in this article.

It is essential to be well-versed with the syllabus and NDA Exam Pattern to excel in the examination. Further, candidates must focus on their preparation and utilize the available time to maximize their chances of clearing the examination and fulfilling their dream of serving the nation as an officer in the Indian Armed Forces. Observe the direct link given for the UPSC NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF from the below sections.

NDA Syllabus 2023

The NDA (National Defence Academy) written examination comprises two papers, Mathematics and General Ability Test (GAT). Candidates, both boys and girls, who aspire to join the NDA in 2023 should begin their exam preparation by thoroughly studying the NDA Syllabus 2023. The detailed syllabus has been discussed in this article, and it is crucial for candidates to have a clear understanding of it to crack the exam. Solve UPSC NDA Previous Year Papers PDF to score more marks in the test. Therefore, candidates must start their exam preparation early and make the best use of the available time to excel in the exam and realize their dream of serving the nation as an officer in the Indian Armed Forces.

NDA Syllabus

NDA Syllabus 2023 – Overview

Download UPSC NDA 1, 2 Syllabus 2023 PDF
Exam Name National Defence Academy & Naval Academy Examination (NDA 1 & NA 2)
Organization Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Level  National
Frequency of exam  Twice a year
Category Syllabus
Exam stages  Written Test and SSB Interview
Exam mode  Offline
Exam duration  Five hours (Mathematics: 2½ hours, General Ability Test (GAT): 2½ hours)
Exam Pattern 
  1. GAT: 150 Objective type questions
  2. Mathematics: 120 Objective type questions
Eligibility  Unmarried Boys & Girls
Language of Exam English and Hindi
Official Website www.upsc.gov.in

NDA Exam Pattern 2023

Before discussing the NDA Syllabus, let’s understand the NDA Exam Pattern. Moreover, the Mathematics paper comprises 120 questions carrying a total of 300 marks. The General Ability Test (GAT) consists of English and General Knowledge (GK) papers. The English paper is worth 200 marks, while the GK paper carries 400 marks.

Subject Name Code Marks Duration
Mathematics 01 300 2 Hours 30 Minutes
General Ability Test 02 600 2 Hours 30 Minutes
Total 900 Marks 5 Hours

NDA SSB Interview Exam Pattern

NDA – SSB Interview Pattern
Stage 1 Screening Test
  1. Verbal and non-verbal tests.
  2. PPDT
Stage 2 Psychological Test
  1. Thematic Apperception Test (TAT)
  2. Word Association Test (WAT)
  3. Situation Reaction Test (SRT)
  4. Self Description Test (SD)
Group Testing Officers Test
  1. GD
  2. GPE
  3. PGT
  4. HGT
  5. IoT
  6. Command Task
  7. Snake race/Group Obstacle Race
  8. Individual lecture
  9. FGT
Personal Interview & conference

NDA Syllabus 2023

After checking the NDA Exam Pattern 2023, you guys should check the UPSC NDA Syllabus 2023 from this section.

NDA Mathematics Syllabus

The chapters covered for NDA Maths Syllabus are given in the table below.

Topic Topic-wise Syllabus
Algebra Sets, Venn diagrams, De Morgan laws, Cartesian product, relation, equivalence relation. Real numbers, Complex numbers, Modulus, Cube roots, Conversion of a number in Binary system to Decimals, and vice-versa. Arithmetic, Geometric and Harmonic progressions. Quadratic equations, Linear inequations, Permutation and Combination, Binomial theorem, and Logarithms.
Calculus Concept of a real-valued function, domain, range, and graph of a function. Composite functions, one-to-one, onto, and inverse functions. The notion of limit, Standard limits, Continuity of functions, algebraic operations on continuous functions. Derivative of function at a point, geometrical and physical interpretation of a derivative-application. Derivatives of sum, product, and quotient of functions, a derivative of a function concerning another function, the derivative of a composite function. Second-order derivatives. Increasing and decreasing functions. Application of derivatives in problems of maxima and minima
Matrices and Determinants Types of matrices, operations on matrices. Determinant of a matrix, basic properties of determinants. Adjoint and inverse of a square matrix, Applications-Solution of a system of linear equations in two or three unknowns by Cramer’s rule and by Matrix Method.
Integral Calculus and Differential Equations Integration as inverse of differentiation, integration by substitution and by parts, standard integrals involving algebraic expressions, trigonometric, exponential, and hyperbolic functions. Evaluation of definite integrals—determination of areas of plane regions bounded by curves—applications.Definition of order and degree of a differential equation, formation of a differential equation by examples. General and particular solution of differential equations, solution of the first order, and first-degree differential equations of various types—examples. Application in problems of growth and decay.
Trigonometry Angles and their measures in degrees and radians. Trigonometric ratios. Trigonometric identities Sum and difference formulae. Multiple and Sub-multiple angles. Inverse trigonometric functions. Applications-Height and distance, properties of triangles.
Vector Algebra Vectors in two and three dimensions, magnitude, and direction of a vector. Unit and null vectors, the addition of vectors, scalar multiplication of a vector, scalar product, or dot product of two vectors. Vector product or cross product of two vectors. Applications—work done by a force and moment of a force and in geometrical problems.
Analytical Geometry Of Two and Three Dimension Rectangular Cartesian Coordinate system. Distance formula. Equation of a line in various forms. The angle between two lines. Distance of a point from a line. Equation of a circle in standard and a general form. Standard forms of parabola, ellipse, and hyperbola. Eccentricity and axis of a conic. Point in a three-dimensional space, the distance between two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation two points. Direction Cosines and direction ratios. Equation of a plane and a line in various forms. The angle between two lines and the angle between two planes. Equation of a sphere.
Statistics and Probability Probability: Random experiment, outcomes, and associated sample space, events, mutually exclusive and exhaustive events, impossible and certain events. Union and Intersection of events. Complementary, elementary, and composite events. Definition of probability—classical and statistical—examples. Elementary theorems on probability—simple problems. Conditional probability, Bayes’ theorem—simple problems. Random variable as function on a sample space. Binomial distribution, examples of random experiments giving rise to Binomial distribution.

The topic-wise question distribution in Maths

Topic Questions
Calculus 20-25
Quadratic equation 20-15
Matrices & Determinants 30
Probability 10
Trigonometry 30
Complex number 10-15

NDA General Ability Test Syllabus

The General ability test comprises two papers English and General Knowledge. The English paper consists of 200 Marks while the General Knowledge is of 400 Marks.

NDA Syllabus – English

The question paper in English will be designed to test the candidate’s understanding of English. The syllabus covers various aspects like as given below:

Topic No. of Questions No. of Marks
Spotting Errors 5 20
Comprehension 6 24
Selecting Words 10 40
Ordering of Words in a Sentence 9 36
Sentence Improvement 10 40
Antonyms 5 20
Synonyms 5 20
Total 50 200

NDA Syllabus – General Knowledge

Check the topic-wise number of questions and marks distribution in the table below.

Topic No. of Questions No. of Marks
Physics 23 92
Chemistry 16 64
General Science 11 44
History & Freedom Movement 16 64
Geography 17 68
Current Events 17 68
Total 100 400

NDA Syllabus – Physics

  1. Physical Properties and States of Matter
  2. Modes of transference of Heat
  3. Mass, Weight, Volume, Sound waves and their properties
  4. Simple musical instruments
  5. Rectilinear propagation of Light
  6. Density and Specific Gravity
  7. Reflection and refraction
  8. Principle of Archimedes
  9. Spherical mirrors and Lenses
  10. Pressure Barometer
  11. Human Eye
  12. Motion of objects
  13. Natural and Artificial Magnets
  14. Velocity and Acceleration
  15. Properties of a Magnet
  16. Newton’s Laws of Motion
  17. Earth as a Magnet
  18. Force and Momentum
  19. Static and Current Electricity
  20. Parallelogram of Forces
  21. Conductors and Non-conductors
  22. Stability and Equilibrium of bodies
  23. Ohm’s Law
  24. Gravitation
  25. Simple Electrical Circuits
  26. Elementary ideas of work
  27. Heating, Lighting, and Magnetic effects of Current
  28. Power and Energy
  29. Measurement of Electrical Power
  30. Effects of Heat
  31. Primary and Secondary Cells
  32. Measurement of Temperature and Heat
  33. Use of X-Rays
  34. General Principles in the working of Simple Pendulum, Simple Pulleys, Siphon, Levers, Balloon, Pumps, Hydrometer, Pressure Cooker, Thermos Flask, Gramophone, Telegraphs, Telephone, Periscope, Telescope, Microscope, Mariner’s Compass; Lightning Conductors, Safety Fuses.

NDA Syllabus – Chemistry

  1. Preparation and Properties of Hydrogen, Oxygen, Nitrogen and Carbon Dioxide, Oxidation and Reduction.
  2. Acids, bases and salts.
  3. Carbon— different forms
  4. Physical and Chemical Changes
  5. Fertilizers—Natural and Artificial
  6. Elements
  7. Material used in the preparation of substances like Soap, Glass, Ink, Paper, Cement, Paints, Safety Matches, and Gunpowder
  8. Mixtures and Compounds
  9. Elementary ideas about the structure of Atom
  10. Symbols, Formulae, and simple Chemical Equation
  11. Atomic Equivalent and Molecular Weights
  12. Law of Chemical Combination (excluding problems)
  13. Valency
  14. Properties of Air and Water

NDA Syllabus – General Science

  1. Common Epidemics, their causes, and prevention
  2. Difference between the living and non-living
  3. Food—Source of Energy for man
  4. Basis of Life—Cells, Protoplasms, and Tissues
  5. Constituents of food
  6. Growth and Reproduction in Plants and Animals
  7. Balanced Diet
  8. Elementary knowledge of the Human Body and its important organs
  9. The Solar System—Meteors and Comets, Eclipses. Achievements of Eminent Scientists

NDA Syllabus – History, Freedom Movement

  1. Forces shaping the modern world;
  2. Renaissance
  3. Exploration and Discovery;
  4. A broad survey of Indian History, with emphasis on Culture and Civilisation
  5. Freedom Movement in India
  6. French Revolution, Industrial Revolution, and Russian Revolution
  7. War of American Independence,
  8. Impact of Science and Technology on Society
  9. Elementary study of Indian Constitution and Administration
  10. Concept of one World
  11. Elementary knowledge of Five Year Plans of India
  12. United Nations,
  13. Panchsheel,
  14. Panchayati Raj, Democracy, Socialism and Communism
  15. Role of India in the present world
  16. Co-operatives and Community Development
  17. Bhoodan, Sarvodaya,
  18. National Integration and Welfare State
  19. Basic Teachings of Mahatma Gandhi

NDA Syllabus – Geography

  1. The Earth, its shape and size
  2. Ocean Currents and Tides Atmosphere and its composition
  3. Latitudes and Longitudes
  4. Temperature and Atmospheric Pressure, Planetary Winds, Cyclones, and Anticyclones; Humidity; Condensation and Precipitation
  5. Concept of time
  6. Types of Climate
  7. International Date Line
  8. Major Natural Regions of the World
  9. Movements of Earth and their effects
  10. Regional Geography of India
  11. Climate, Natural vegetation. Mineral and Power resources;
  12. Location and distribution of agricultural and Industrial activities
  13. Origin of Earth. Rocks and their classification
  14. Important Sea ports and main sea, land, and air routes of India
  15. Weathering—Mechanical and Chemical, Earthquakes and Volcanoes
  16. Main items of Imports and Exports of India

Current Events

Knowledge of Important events that have happened in India in recent years Prominent personalities of both Indian and International level, Cultural activities and sports activities, Current important world events.

Intelligence and Personality Test

The SSB procedure consists of two stages. Only those who have cleared the written exam are permitted to appear for the SSB Round. Check the below details. Moreover, the IO test is conducted to evaluate a candidate’s intelligence and analytical ability, whereas the GTO test is conducted to assess their physical and mental endurance. The Psychological test is designed to evaluate a candidate’s personality, and their compatibility with the role of an officer. The overall performance of a candidate in these tests determines their potential to become an officer in the Indian Armed Forces.

NDA SSB Personality Test
Stage I
  1. Officer Intelligence Rating (OIR)
  2. Picture Perception Description Test (PP&DT).
Stage II
  1. Interview (IO)
  2. Group Testing Officer Tasks (GTO)
  3. Psychology Tests (Psych)
  4. Conference

The tests of IO (Intelligence Officer), GTO (Group Testing Officer), and Psychological play a crucial role in the selection process of candidates for the Indian Armed Forces. The primary objective of these tests is to evaluate the presence or absence of Officer Like Qualities in a candidate, and their trainability. The assessment of these tests is done by the Services Selection Board (SSB), and candidates are either recommended or not recommended based on their performance.

UPSC NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF Download Link

NDA Exam Syllabus – Important Link
To Check & Download the NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF along with Exam Pattern Click Here
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NDA Syllabus 2023 – Frequently Asked Questions

Is there any negative marking in the NDA Exam?

1.33 marks will be deducted English, GK and 0.83 marks deducted for incorrect answers in Maths of the UPSC NDA Exam.

How many questions will be asked in the UPSC NDA Exam?

150 questions will be asked in the UPSC NDA Exam.

What is the mode of UPSC NDA Exam?

The UPSC NDA Examination will be held offline.

Where can I download the NDA Exam Syllabus 2023 PDF?

Candidates can download the NDA Syllabus 2023 PDF through the official site @ upsc.gov.in or else you can get it from the direct link attached in our post.


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