CDS Syllabus 2023, Exam Pattern PDF Download


CDS Syllabus 2023, Exam Pattern PDF Download: We have discussed the Latest and Updated CDS Syllabus & Exam Pattern in detail. The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) conducts the “Combined Defence Services” (CDS) Examination twice a year to recruit candidates for the Indian Military Academy, Officers Training Academy, Indian Naval Academy and Indian Air Force Academy. Moreover, the eligibility criteria for appearing in the exam is that the candidates must be unmarried graduates. For the sake of all the students, we have attached the direct download link for the UPSC CDS Syllabus 2023 PDF through the end of this post.

CDS Syllabus 2023

Successful candidates are selected for admission to the respective Academies after an interview conducted by the Services Selection Board (SSB). To clear the examination, candidates must have complete information about the CDS Exam Pattern, CDS Exam Syllabus and previous year’s exam analysis. This information will help them to analyze the exam and prepare an effective strategy for cracking the exam. It is imperative for candidates to put in dedicated efforts and focus on their preparation to secure a position in the defense forces of India. Practice with the CDS Previous Year Papers PDF while preparing for the test.

CDS Syllabus

CDS Syllabus 2023 – Overview

Organization Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
Exam Name Combined Defence Service (CDS) Examination
Selection Process Written Test, Interview, Medical Examination
Language of Written Exam Bilingual
Category Syllabus
Type of Questions Multiple-choice questions
Eligibility Unmarried Males & Females
CDS Exam Duration 2 hours (each paper)
Marking Scheme 1/3 for each incorrect answer
Job Location All Over India
Official Website

CDS Exam Pattern 2023

Every paper in the UPSC CDS (Combined Defence Services) exam will include multiple-choice questions. Candidates will have the option to choose between Hindi and English for the General Knowledge and Elementary Mathematics question papers. To stay informed about the latest and updated UPSC CDS Exam Pattern, candidates should refer to the details provided below for each position. This information will help candidates to prepare well for the exam and perform to the best of their abilities. It is recommended that candidates keep a close eye on any updates or changes in the exam pattern and syllabus to stay ahead in their exam preparation.

For Admission to Indian Military Academy, Indian Naval Academy, and Air Force Academy

Name of the Subject Time Duration Number of Marks
English 2 Hours 100
General Knowledge 2 Hours 100
Elementary Mathematics 2 Hours 100
Total 300 Marks
Type of Examination: Objective Type Questions

Marking Scheme

Negative marking is an important consideration for candidates taking the UPSC CDS Exam. Each question in the exam will have four options, of which only one is correct. If a candidate selects an incorrect option, 1/3 of the marks allocated to that question will be deducted. Additionally, if a candidate selects more than one option, it will be treated as an incorrect response. However, if a candidate chooses not to answer a question, there will be no negative marking.

For Admission to Officers Training Academy

Name of the Subject Time Duration Number of Marks
English 2 Hours 100
General Knowledge 2 Hours 100
Total 200 Marks
Type of Examination: Objective Type Questions

CDS Syllabus 2023 Marking Scheme

In the CDS 2023 exam, negative marking is applicable for every wrong answer. Each question in the paper will have four options, out of which only one will be correct. For every incorrect answer, 1/3 of the marks assigned to the question will be deducted. If a candidate marks more than one option, it will be considered as an incorrect answer. However, if a candidate chooses to leave a question unanswered, there will be no negative marking for that question.

Subject Wise CDS Exam Syllabus 2023

Sections Topics
  • Spotting Errors Questions
  • Sentence Arrangement Questions
  • Synonyms & Antonyms
  • Selecting Words
  • Ordering of Sentence
  • Comprehension Questions
  • Ordering of words in a sentence
  • Fill in the blanks questions
  • Idioms and Phrases
General Awareness (GK)
  • Economics
  • Physics
  • Current Affairs
  • Politics
  • Chemistry
  • Sociology
  • History
  • Defence related Award
  • Geography
  • Environment
  • Sport
  • Biology
  • Cultural
  • Book
  • Statement
  • true/ false
Elementary Mathematics Algebra
  • Basic Operations
  • simple factors
  • Remainder Theorem
  • H.C.F.
  • L.C.M.
  • Theory of polynomials
  • solutions of quadratic equations
  • relation between its roots and coefficients (Only real roots to be considered)
  • Simultaneous linear equations in two unknowns—analytical and graphical solutions
  • Simultaneous linear inequations in two variables and their solutions
  • Practical problems leading to two simultaneous linear equations or inequations in two variables or quadratic equations in one variable & their solutions
  • Set language and set notation
  • Rational expressions and conditional identities
  • Laws of indices
  • Number System: Natural numbers, Integers, Rational and Real numbers.
  • Fundamental operations: addition, substraction, multiplication, division, Square roots, Decimal fractions
  • Unitary method
  • time and distance
  • time and work
  • percentages
  • applications to simple and compound interest
  • profit and loss
  • ratio and proportion
  • Variation
  • Elementary Number Theory: Division algorithm
  • Prime and composite numbers
  • Tests of divisibility by 2, 3, 4, 5, 9 and 11
  • Multiples and factors. Factorisation Theorem
  • H.C.F. and L.C.M.
  • Euclidean algorithm
  • Logarithms to base 10
  • laws of logarithms
  • use of logarithmic tables
  • Sine ×, cosine ×, Tangent × when 0° < × < 90°
  • Values of sin ×, cos × and tan ×, for ×= 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°
  • Simple trigonometric identities
  • Use of trigonometric tables
  • Simple cases of heights and distances
  • Lines and angles
  • Plane and plane figures
  • Theorems on Properties of angles at a point
  • Parallel lines
  • Sides and angles of a triangle
  • Congruency of triangles
  • Similar triangles
  • Concurrence of medians and altitudes
  • Properties of angles
  • sides and diagonals of a Parallelogram
  • rectangle and square
  • Circles and its properties including tangents and normals
  • Loci
  • Areas of squares
  • rectangles
  • parallelograms
  • triangle and circle
  • Areas of figures which can be split up into these figures (Field Book)
  • Surface area and volume of cuboids
  • lateral surface and volume of right circular cones and cylinders
  • surface area and volume of spheres
  • Collection and tabulation of statistical data
  • * Graphical representation frequency polygons
  • * histograms
  • * bar charts
  • * pie charts etc
  • * Measures of central tendency

CDS Important Instructions

  • Use black ballpoint pen to write in the answer sheet and provide the necessary details at the top, such as the Centre, subject, test booklet series (in brackets), subject code, and exam roll number.
  • Encode the CDS 2023 booklet series (A, B, C, or D), subject code, and roll number in the circles provided on the answer sheet.
  • If the CDS booklet series is not printed on the test booklet or answer sheet is unnumbered, inform the invigilator and get the test booklet/ answer sheet replaced.
  • Encoding or filling of details, especially roll number and test booklet series code, incorrectly may lead to the rejection of the answer sheet.
  • Before starting the UPSC CDS Exam 2023, check the test booklet for any missing, unprinted, or torn pages or items. If there is an issue, request a complete test booklet of the same series and subject.
  • Do not write anything other than the required information on the CDS answer sheet or test booklet. Do not fold, damage, or put any additional marking over the answer sheet. Writing on the reverse side of the answer sheet is also not allowed.

UPSC CDS Syllabus 2023 PDF Download Link

CDS Exam Syllabus 2023 – Important Links
To Check & Download UPSC CDS Syllabus 2023 & Exam Pattern PDF (CDS 1, 2) Click Here
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CDS Syllabus 2023 – Frequently Asked Questions

How to download the CDS Syllabus 2023 PDF?

Candidates can download the CDS Syllabus 2023 PDF from the official site @ Or else, you guys can get it from the link attached below.

How many times, will the UPSC CDS exam be conducted?

The UPSC CDS Exam 2023 will be conducted twice a year.

What is the CDS Selection Process?

Written Test, Interview, Medical Examination.

What is the language of the UPSC CDS Exam?

The language of the UPSC CDS Exam is bilingual.


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