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Innovation: A case study 08 January, 2013

Dr. Jippu Jacob

Dr. Jippu Jacob, Professor and Head, Department of Mechanical Engineering, Amal Jyothi College of Engineering led the Online Gurukul session on 8th January 2013 with his talk on “Innovation: A case study”

Need for innovation

Humans are always looking out for better standards of living. This makes them look out to innovate, invent or discover things.

To innovate means to start or introduce something new, to modernize or change or to renew or alter. To invent is to create or devise something new or original. To discover means to find or learn something for the first time.

An invention is any new and useful art, process, method or manner of manufacturing. We make an invention when there is a necessity. As they say “Necessity is the mother of invention”.

Process of innovation

  • The first step in innovation is the problem formulation. What exactly is the problem that we look to solve?
  • Next, the problem is analysed. Are we looking for safety, ease of operation, reduction in cost, optimization of energy required, increase the appeal of the product or get more sales?
  • Once the problem is analysed, innovators go for problem synthesis. A number of solutions are suggested to solve the problem at hand.
  • The various solutions are then evaluated and a method of innovation is finalized.
  • The innovation is then documented.
  • Finally the design derived is brought into regular use and manufactured.


Technology is the branch of knowledge that deals with the conversion of raw material into articles of utility. This would require knowledge about material, methods, tools and devices. Many people invent devices. But, only a few manage to get their inventions manufactured.

Dr. Jippu Jacob presented a case study of “Keramitra”, an innovative coconut husking tool that is now used widely in many parts of the world to efficiently dehusk coconuts.